Home / Space force / Women in space: a gallery of firsts

Women in space: a gallery of firsts

Spread the love

Picture 1 of 22

Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman to fly in space, climbs into her capsule, Vostok 6, in 1963.

(Picture credit score: Roscosmos)

First lady in house: Valentina Tereshkova

The primary lady in house, Valentina Tereshkova, blazed a path for the various feminine spaceflyers who would observe. Tereshkova, a Soviet cosmonaut, was chosen from greater than 400 candidates to launch on the Vostok 6 mission June 16, 1963. She was 26 on the time. 

Born within the village of Maslennikovo northeast of Moscow, Tereshkova volunteered for the Soviet cosmonaut program after Yuri Gagarin made historical past as the primary man to fly in house on April 12, 1961. She was not a pilot, however had intensive parachuting expertise, with 126 jumps below her belt. (Gagarin parachuted to Earth, ejecting from the Vostok capsule throughout descent as a part of the touchdown sequence.)

Infographic: How Valentina Tereshkova’s 1963 Vostok 6 flight worked

Tereshkova was one in every of 4 girls who obtained 18 months of coaching for Vostok 6, and was finally chosen to pilot the flight. The mission launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome two days after Vostok 5, piloted by cosmonaut Valeriy Bykovsky, with the 2 spacecraft’s coming inside three miles (5 kilometers) of one another. 

Tereshkova spent 70 hours in house and orbited Earth 48 instances throughout her mission. Although an icon of Soviet house exploration, she by no means flew in house once more and have become a check pilot and teacher.

Picture 2 of 22

Sally K. Ride

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First American lady in house: Sally Experience

On June 18, 1983, NASA astronaut Sally Ride grew to become the primary U.S. lady in house when she launched on the STS-7 mission of the house shuttle Challenger. She was the third lady in house, after Valentina Tereshkova and Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya, who flew on the Soyuz T-7 mission on Aug. 19, 1982.

Born in Encino, California, Experience studied physics and English at Stanford College, finally incomes a Ph.D. physics in 1973. She joined NASA’s astronaut corps in 1978 as one of many first six feminine astronauts to affix the U.S. house company. 

Extra: Sally Ride: First American Woman in Space (Pictures)

Experience was 32 when the STS-7 mission launched into house. The mission was NASA’s seventh shuttle flight and marked the primary time a lady managed an area shuttle robotic arm. STS-7’s important mission was deploy communications satellites for Canada and Indonesia. Challenger returned to Earth with Experience and her STS-7 crewmates on June 24, wrapping up a six-day flight. 

Experience would make historical past once more in 1984 when she launched on the Challenger’s STS-41G mission, starting the primary American lady to fly in house twice. 

In 2012, Experience died from cancer at age 61.

Picture three of 22

Veteran NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson places her mission patch on the International Space Station during the Expedition 16 mission.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First feminine house station commander: Peggy Whitson

NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson grew to become the primary lady to command the Worldwide Area Station when she took the helm of the outpost in April 2008 throughout Expedition 16.

It was science that led to Whitson’s house profession. A local of Mount Ayr, Iowa, Whitson grew up as a hen farmer and earned a Ph.D in biochemistry from Rice College in 1985, after which she started working as a biochemist at NASA as a Nationwide Analysis Council Resident Analysis Affiliate. She formally joined NASA’s Johnson Area Heart as a biochemist in 1989 and served because the mission scienctist for the Shuttle-Mir program in 1992. 

In photos: Record-breaking NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson

In 1996, Whitson was chosen to turn out to be a NASA astronaut and first launched to the Worldwide Area Station as a part of the Expedition 5 crew in 2002. She spent 185 days in house on that flight, and likewise served as NASA’s first official Science Officer on the station.

Then got here Expedition 16, when Whitson took her historic command of the house station. In the course of the 192-day flight, Whitson welcomed a NASA shuttle mission commanded by one other lady, Pamela Melroy, and racked up her profession fifth spacewalk. 

On her subsequent spaceflight in 2016, she grew to become the primary lady to command the house station twice when she took command of Expedition 51. She holds the document for being the oldest lady in house, having returned from her final mission at the age of 57

Whitson retired from NASA in June 2018. She has spent a complete of 665 days in house.

Picture four of 22

Svetlana Savitskaya

(Picture credit score: Getty)

First feminine spacewalker: Svetlana Savitskaya

The primary lady to finish a spacewalk, or extravehicular exercise (EVA), was Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya

Savitskaya grew to become the second lady to fly in house in August 1982 – 19 years after Valentina Tereshkova’s flight – when she served as a analysis cosmonaut on the house station Salyut 7. She launched on a Soyuz T-7 spacecraft on Aug. 19 , 1982 and spent returned to Earth eight days later. 

However it was throughout Savitskaya’s second journey to Salyut 7 in 1984 that she made historical past as the primary lady to stroll in house. She was additionally the primary lady ever to fly in house a second time.

Savitskaya launched with two crewmates aboard Soyuz T-12 on July 17, 184 and spent 12 days on Salyut 7. Her spacewalk occurred on July 24, when she and crewmate Vladimir Dzhanibekov spent greater than three hours spacewalking and performing welding experiments in orbit. 

Born in Moscow, Savitskaya was decided to fly at a younger age. She started parachuting at age 16 and joined the Soviet Aerobatics Group at age 18 to carry out daredevil stunts and performances in plane, according to the UK Space Agency. She was chosen to affix the Soviet cosmonaut corps in 1980 and holds a grasp’s diploma in flight engineering.

Picture 5 of 22

Kathy Sullivan, the first American woman to go on a spacewalk.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First U.S. feminine spacewalker: Kathy Sullivan

NASA astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan grew to become the primary American lady to carry out a spacewalk when she floated outdoors the house shuttle Challenger throughout mission STS-41-G on Oct. 11, 1984.

Sullivan’s spacewalk occurred simply months after the first-ever spacewalk by a lady (cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya’s tour in July of that 12 months) throughout Challenger’s nine-day mission to deploy an Earth commentary satellite tv for pc (the Earth Radiation Price range Satellite tv for pc) and reveal satellite tv for pc refueling know-how. 

Sullivan holds a Ph.D in geology and joined NASA’s eight class of astronauts in 1978, coaching for spaceflight for six years whereas awaiting her first task. That task was the STS-41-G mission, when she grew to become the primary American lady to stroll in house. 

In April 1990, Sullivan returned to house on the shuttle Discovery, this time to assist deploy the Hubble Area Telescope. In 1993, Sullivan left NASA to function chief scientist for NOAA and finally grew to become NOAA’s Administrator in 2014.

Picture 6 of 22

Mae Jemison flew on space shuttle mission STS-47 in 1992, and has continued promoting space exploration ever since.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First African American lady in house: Mae Jemison

NASA astronaut Mae Jemison flew on house shuttle Endeavour in September 1992, turning into the primary African-American lady to journey to house.

Born in Decatur, Alabama, Jemison grew up in Chicago and earned levels in chemical engineering and African and African-American research at Stanford College, in addition to doctorate in drugs from Cornell College. After working as a physician for a number of years and serving time period within the Peace Corps, Jemison joined NASA as an astronaut in 1987. 

Jemison launched into house on Endeavour on Sept. 12, 1992 as a part of the seven-person STS-47 crew. She served as a mission specialist, performing experiments in two bone cell analysis experiments amongst different duties. Endeavour carried a Spacelab module in its payload bay to permit room for greater than 43 totally different research throughout the mission. 

Jemison spent simply over 190 hours in house throughout the STS-47 mission and left NASA in March 1993. 

Picture 7 of 22

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First feminine house shuttle commander: Eileen Collins

NASA astronaut Eileen Collins was the primary lady to command an area shuttle mission, a job that required an astronaut to have at the least 1,000 hours of expertise piloting jet plane. Collins commanded the STS-93 house shuttle mission in July 1999, and went on to command a second time in July 2005.

Picture eight of 22

NASA astronaut and Expedition 61 Flight Engineer Christina Koch works on the Cold Atom Lab (CAL) swapping and cleaning hardware inside the quantum research device., on Jan. 28, 2020.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First lady to spend (almost) 1 12 months in house: Christina Koch

In April 2019, NASA introduced that Expedition 59 astronaut Christina Koch’s mission on the Worldwide Area Station can be extended to last 328 days. She broke the document for the longest single spaceflight by a lady — a document that was beforehand held by NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson, who spent 289 consecutive days in house from 2016 to 2017. Koch launched to the house station on March 14, 2019 and returned to Earth on Feb. 6, 2020.  

Picture 9 of 22

NASA astronauts Christina Koch (right) and Jessica Meir pose with their spacesuits for an October 2019 spacewalk, the first all-woman spacewalk in history.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First all-female spacewalk

On Oct. 18, 2019, two NASA astronauts made house historical past with the world’s first all-female spacewalk. NASA astronauts Christina Koch (left) and Jessica Meir check their spacesuits for his or her historic Oct. 18, 2019 spacewalk.

NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir went outdoors the Worldwide Area Station on an unplanned restore spacewalk to repair a fault battery part. Koch, a spacewalk veteran, led the EVA whereas Meir carried out her first spacewalk. 

Koch and Meir have been a part of the Expedition 61 crew, with Koch additionally flying the primary almost yearlong house mission by a lady. Koch set a brand new document for the longest single spaceflight, having spent 328 consecutive days on board the orbiting laboratory. (The earlier document holder was Peggy Whitson, who spent 289 consecutive days in house.)

Picture 10 of 22

Astronaut Barbara Morgan, an STS-118 mission specialist and former Idaho schoolteacher, smiles for a photo near the aft flight deck of Space Shuttle Endeavour while docked with the International Space Station.

(Picture credit score: NASA.)

First trainer in house: Barbara Morgan

NASA’s authentic plan to ship the primary trainer to house was thwarted when Christa McAuliffe and her six crewmates have been killed aboard the house shuttle Challenger, which was destroyed simply after liftoff on Jan. 28, 1986. Twelve years later, McAuliffe’s backup Barbara Morgan grew to become the primary educator to succeed in orbit below NASA’s Trainer in Area program, when she flew on the STS-118 flight of the shuttle Endeavour in August 2007. She spent a complete of 12 days in house throughout her first and solely spaceflight. Earlier than she joined NASA in 1998, Morgan taught math, science and studying courses to elementary faculty college students in Montana, Idaho and Ecuador for 24 years. She retired from NASA in 2008 to proceed instructing at Boise State College. 

Picture 11 of 22

NASA astronaut and biologist Kate Rubins successfully sequenced DNA in the microgravity of the International Space Station using a small device called MinION.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First to sequence DNA in house: Kate Rubins

NASA astronaut and microbiologist Kate Rubins became the first researcher to sequence DNA in space throughout her first mission to the Worldwide Area Station in 2016, when she spent 115 days working as a flight engineer for Expedition 48. Rubins, who holds a doctorate in most cancers biology from Stanford College, sequenced DNA samples from a mouse, a virus and micro organism to check a commercially out there DNA sequencing gadget known as MinION.

“With a method to sequence DNA in house, astronauts may diagnose an sickness, or establish microbes rising within the Worldwide Area Station and decide whether or not or not they signify a well being risk,” NASA officers mentioned in a statement. “An area-based DNA sequencer can be an vital software to assist defend astronaut well being throughout lengthy period missions on the journey to Mars, and future explorers may additionally probably use the know-how to establish DNA-based life types past Earth.”

Picture 12 of 22

British chemist Helen Sharman became the first British person to fly in space when she visited the Mir space station aboard the Soyuz TM-12 in 1991.

(Picture credit score: Sputnik/Alamy)

First Briton in house: Helen Sharman

British meals chemist and personal citizen Helen Sharman grew to become the primary British individual to fly in house when she visited the Mir house station aboard the Soyuz TM-12 in Might 1991. Throughout this flight, she additionally grew to become the primary lady to go to the Mir space station.

Sharman’s highway to house was a bit totally different from the skilled astronauts and cosmonauts of NASA and Russia’s Roscosmos company. 

In 1989, Sharman answered a radio commercial calling for candidates to fly in house as a part of Mission Juno, a collaboration between personal British corporations and the Soviet Union to launch a Briton into house. She beat out almost 13,000 different candidates to win the coveted spot and spent 18 months coaching to fly on Russia’s Soyuz spacecraft. 

Sharman launched to Mir on Might 18, 2991 and spent eight days in house performing organic and crystal development experiments, in addition to speaking with British schoolchildren through radio. 

Picture 13 of 22

Roberta L. Bondar

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First Canadian lady in house: Roberta Bondar

Roberta Bondar grew to become Canada’s first feminine astronaut when she flew on the STS-42 house shuttle mission in 1992. 

Picture 14 of 22

The first Japanese woman in space was Chiaki Mukai, representing the National Space Development Agency of Japan, who flew on the STS-65 flight of the space shuttle Columbia in July 1994. At the time, she set the record for the longest flight to date by a female astronaut.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First Japanese lady in house: Chiaki Mukai

The primary Japanese lady in house was Chiaki Mukai, representing the Nationwide Area Improvement Company of Japan (NASDA). Mukai flew on the house shuttle Columbia throughout mission STS-65 in July 1994. On the time, she set the document for the longest flight so far by a feminine astronaut.

Picture 15 of 22

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First French lady in house: Claudie Haigneré

Physician Claudie Haigneré grew to become the primary and solely French lady to journey to house when she flew to the Russian house station Mir in 1996. In 2001, she grew to become the primary European lady to go to the Worldwide Area Station.

Picture 16 of 22

The first female member of an International Space Station crew was NASA astronaut Susan Helms, who served as a flight engineer during the Expedition 2 mission from March to August 2001. It was just the second mission of the fledgling space laboratory.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First lady to affix an ISS crew: Susan Helms

The primary feminine member of an International Space Station crew was NASA astronaut Susan Helms, who served as a flight engineer throughout the Expedition 2 mission from March to August 2001.

Picture 17 of 22

Anousheh Ansari floats through the International Space Station.

(Picture credit score: Documentary Channel)

First feminine house vacationer: Anousheh Ansari

Iranian-American entrepreneur Anousheh Ansari grew to become the primary feminine house vacationer when she funded her personal method to the Worldwide Area Station aboard a Russian Soyuz house capsule in 2006 by means of the agency Area Adventures.

Picture 18 of 22

First South Korean in space

(Picture credit score: Alexander Nemeov/AFP/Getty)

First South Korean in house: Yi So-yeon

South Korean astronaut Yi So-yeon grew to become her nation’s first house traveler when she rode to the Worldwide Area Station on Russia’s Soyuz TMA-12 in April 2008.

Picture 19 of 22

Suni Williams

(Picture credit score: NASA)

First marathon in house: Suni Williams

NASA astronaut Sunita Williams grew to become the primary individual to run a marathon in house throughout the Expedition 15 mission in 2007. She formally registered for the Boston Marathon and ran 26 miles in four miles and 26 minutes on the Mixed Operational Load Bearing Exterior Resistance Treadmill (COLBERT) within the Tranquility node of the Worldwide Area Station.

Picture 20 of 22

China's first female astronaut Liu Wang waves to supporters while clad in a spacesuit just before boarding the Shenzhou 9 space capsule for a successful June 19, 2012 launch from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.

(Picture credit score: China Ministry of Nationwide Protection)

China’s 1st feminine taikonaut: Liu Wang

China’s first feminine astronaut Liu Wang waves to supporters whereas clad in a spacesuit simply earlier than boarding the Shenzhou 9 house capsule for a profitable June 19, 2012 launch from the Jiuquan Satellite tv for pc Launch Heart.

Picture 21 of 22

Astronaut Peggy Whitson floats in the cupola on board the International Space Station, backdropped by the Earth below.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

Most time in house: Peggy Whitson

The lady who has spent essentially the most whole time in house is Peggy Whitson, who has logged 665 days, 22 hours and 22 minutes in orbit over the span of three journeys to the Worldwide Area Station. When she returned from her last journey to house in 2017, she had logged extra hours in house than any U.S. astronaut — male or feminine.

Picture 22 of 22

Four women serving together on the International Space Station on April 14, 2010, represented the highest number of women in space simultaneously. Clockwise from lower right are NASA astronauts Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger, Stephanie Wilson, both STS-131 mission specialists; and Tracy Caldwell Dyson, Expedition 23 flight engineer; along with Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Naoko Yamazaki, STS-131 mission specialist.

(Picture credit score: NASA)

4 girls in house

4 girls serving collectively on the Worldwide Area Station on April 14, 2010, represented the best variety of girls in house concurrently. Clockwise from decrease proper are NASA astronauts Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger, Stephanie Wilson, each STS-131 mission specialists; and Tracy Caldwell Dyson, Expedition 23 flight engineer; together with Japan Aerospace Exploration Company (JAXA) astronaut Naoko Yamazaki, STS-131 mission specialist.


Source link

About admin

Future wars is what I am looking for with Space force.

Check Also

Revolutionary eco-friendly plastic is almost ready to hit the shelves — ScienceDaily

Spread the love Plastics are part of almost each product we use each day. The …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *