Tuesday, July 9, 2019 – Eugene F. Kranz Former Apollo Flight Director, Speaker and Creator:
Testimony earlier than the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee Subcommittee on Aviation and House: NASA Exploration Plans: The place We’ve Been and The place We’re Going
The Kranz Dictum (speech to the management staff after the Apollo I hearth on January 27, 1967)
Spaceflight won’t ever tolerate carelessness, incapacity, and neglect. Someplace, someway, we screwed up. It might have been in design, construct, or take a look at. No matter it was, we must always have caught it. We have been too gung-ho concerning the schedule and we locked out the entire issues we noticed every day in our work. Each aspect of this system was in hassle and so have been we. The simulators weren’t working, Mission Management was behind in just about each space, and the flight and take a look at procedures modified day by day. Nothing we did had any shelf life. Not considered one of us stood up and mentioned, ‘Dammit, cease!’ I don’t know what Thompson’s committee will discover because the trigger, however I do know what I discover. We’re the trigger! We weren’t prepared! We didn’t do our job. We have been rolling the cube, hoping that issues would come collectively by launch day, when in our hearts we knew it might take a miracle. We have been pushing the schedule and betting that the Cape would slip earlier than we did.
From today ahead, Flight Management can be identified by two phrases: ‘Robust’ and ‘Competent.’ Robust means we’re eternally accountable for what we do or what we fail to do. We’ll by no means once more compromise our duties. Each time we stroll into Mission Management we’ll know what we stand for. Competent means we’ll by no means take something as a right. We’ll by no means be discovered quick in our data and in our expertise. Mission Management can be excellent. Whenever you depart this assembly at present you’ll go to your workplace and the very first thing you’ll do there’s to jot down ‘Robust and Competent’ in your blackboards. It’s going to by no means be erased. Every day whenever you enter the room these phrases will remind you of the value paid by Grissom, White, and Chaffee. These phrases are the value of admission to the ranks of Mission Management.