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Earth from Space: Great Rift Valley, Kenya

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The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission takes us over a part of the Nice Rift Valley, Kenya.

This valley is a part of the Gregory Rift, an jap department of the East African Rift, which is being brought on by the separation of the Somali plate from the Nubian plate. Main tectonic and volcanic exercise have formed the distinctive panorama of the Nice Rift Valley which runs by Kenya from north to south.

The dramatic panorama comprises the Cherangani Hills and forests to the west, a series of volcanoes, of which some are nonetheless energetic, escarpments and jewel-like lakes.

Lake Baringo, some of the northern of the Kenyan Rift Valley lakes, is seen on the high of the picture. With a floor space of 130 sq km and an elevation of round 970 m, the lake has a mean depth of round 5 m and it is without doubt one of the two freshwater lakes within the Rift Valley – the opposite being Lake Naivasha (not seen).

This lake has no seen outlet; its waters are thought to seep into lavas at its northern finish – the place the rocky shore contrasts with the alluvial flat on its southern border.

Baringo is dotted with a number of small islands. Its largest is seen within the centre of the lake and is named Ol Kokwe (also called the Assembly Place). It’s an extinct volcano with a number of scorching springs. A fantastic number of birds inhabit Lake Baringo, which can also be house to hippopotamuses and crocodiles.

South of Lake Baringo lies Lake Bogoria – a saline, alkaline lake. The lengthy and slim lake has an space of round 30 sq km and is round 10 m deep. Lake Bogoria supplies refuge for the lesser flamingo, with a inhabitants of round 1 to 1.5 million, and likewise helps greater than 300 waterbird species. The lake is a chosen Ramsar website and can also be a part of the Lake Bogoria Nationwide Reserve.

The lake is known for geysers and scorching springs alongside the financial institution of the lake – a few of which might erupt as much as 5 m excessive. The lake’s secure water degree makes it extremely necessary throughout instances of drought.

Copernicus Sentinel-2 is a two-satellite mission to provide the protection and knowledge supply wanted for Europe’s Copernicus programme. The mission’s frequent revisits over the identical space and excessive spatial decision enable modifications in inland water our bodies to be intently monitored.

This picture, captured on 13 March 2019, can also be featured on the Earth from House video programme.

Download the full high-resolution image.

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