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Earth from Space: Galápagos Islands

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05/03/2021
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The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission takes us over the Galápagos Islands – a volcanic archipelago located some 1000 km west of Ecuador within the Pacific Ocean.

Click on on the picture to discover it in its full 10 m decision and be taught in regards to the options on this gorgeous panorama.

The archipelago consists of 13 main islands and a handful of smaller islands and islets scattered throughout roughly 60 000 sq km of ocean. Repeated volcanic eruptions and ongoing seismic exercise have helped type the rugged mountain panorama of the islands. On this picture, captured on 23 September 2020, a number of round volcanic cones will be seen atop the islands.

The most important island of the archipelago, Isabela (Albemarle), is seen within the centre. Round 132 km in size, the island’s seahorse form is the results of the merging of a number of giant volcanoes right into a single land mass. The 5 volcanoes seen on the island are (from north to south): Wolf Volcano, Darwin Volcano, Alcedo Volcano, Sierra Negra Volcano and Cerro Azul Volcano. Two of the island’s volcanoes, Ecuador and Wolf, lie straight on the equator.

On the southern finish of the island, hills coated with forests will be seen in brilliant inexperienced, separating the Sierra Negra, probably the most energetic of the Galapagos volcanoes, from the sandy shoreline (partially seen right here owing to cloud cowl). Tortuga Island, named for its distinct form, will be seen southeast from Isabela. The tiny island is definitely a collapsed volcano that may be a nesting location for a wide range of seabirds.

The second largest island of the archipelago, Santa Cruz, will be seen to the best of Isabela. Its capital, Puerto Ayora (not seen), is probably the most populated city centre within the islands.

The Galápagos Islands are finest recognized for his or her various array of plant and animal species, a lot of that are endemic which means they aren’t discovered wherever else on this planet. These embrace the enormous Galapagos tortoise, the marine iguana, the flightless cormorant and the Galapagos penguin – the one species of penguin that lives north of the equator.

These species had been noticed by Charles Darwin through the voyage of the HMS Beagle in 1835 and impressed his principle of evolution by pure choice. To protect the distinctive wildlife on the islands, the Ecuadorian authorities made the whole archipelago a nationwide park in 1959.

Copernicus Sentinel-2 is a two-satellite mission. Every satellite tv for pc carries a high-resolution digital camera that photographs Earth’s floor in 13 spectral bands. The mission is generally used to trace modifications in the best way land is getting used and to observe the well being of our vegetation.

This picture can be featured on the Earth from Area video programme.

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