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Clinical and sociodemographic features of early COVID-19 patients in Massachusetts

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Knowledge from the primary COVID-19 sufferers handled at three giant Massachusetts hospitals reveal vital tendencies, together with disproportionate illustration of susceptible populations, excessive charges of disease-related issues, and the necessity for post-discharge, post-acute care and monitoring.

“Our medium follow-up revealed that many of those sufferers are very sick even after leaving the hospital,” says senior writer Jason H. Wasfy, MD, MPhil, director of High quality and Outcomes Analysis on the Massachusetts Normal Hospital (MGH) Coronary heart Heart. The research was printed as we speak in EClinicalMedicine.

For the research, the group created an in depth registry primarily based on doctor evaluation of 247 affected person charts for demographics, baseline traits, signs, house drugs, laboratory information, electrocardiogram (EKG) information, imaging, and remedy.

Sufferers had been included in the event that they had been admitted from March 7 by way of 30, 2020, with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 an infection, to one in every of three Mass Normal Brigham (previously Companions HealthCare) system’s hospitals — MGH, Brigham and Girls’s Hospital (BWH), and Newton-Wellesley Hospital (NWH). These symbolize three of the biggest hospitals in New England’s largest built-in well being care system. MGH and BWH are each tutorial medical facilities, and Newton-Wellesley is a neighborhood hospital.

“I am glad we received that blend as a result of we want information from throughout totally different sorts of settings,” says Wasfy, who can be an assistant professor of Drugs at Harvard Medical Faculty (HMS).

A lot of the research sufferers had been initially handled with hydroxychloroquine (72 %) and statins (76 %, with 34 % of these newly initiated), a observe that has since modified. “We do not use both of these therapies at our establishments anymore, which highlights the dynamic nature of COVID-19 affected person care,” says research lead writer Cian P. McCarthy, MD, investigator within the Division of Cardiology at MGH.

One other pattern that stood out was the ethnic and socio-economic combine: 30 % of sufferers had been Hispanic, 21 % had been enrolled in Medicaid, and 12 % had been dual-enrolled Medicare/Medicaid. “This strongly means that there are some inbuilt disadvantages that fall on these populations’ shoulders,” says Wasfy. “They could have extra members of the family dwelling in a single house, have better issue accessing care, or different circumstances making them extra prone to turn out to be contaminated and sick.”

The research sufferers additionally confirmed a stunning vary of signs and outcomes. Greater than 100 sufferers (42 %) required intensive care throughout their keep. On the finish of the info assortment interval, 213 sufferers (86.2 %) had been discharged alive, 2 sufferers (zero.eight %) had been nonetheless within the hospital, and 32 sufferers (13 %) had died. Amongst these discharged alive, 70 (32.9 %) had been discharged to a post-acute facility, 31 (14.6 %) newly required supplemental oxygen, 19 (eight.9 %) newly required tube feeding, and 34 (16 %) required new prescriptions for antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, methadone or opioids. About 10 % of the research sufferers had been readmitted when adopted for a median of 80 days after discharge.

“Our information demonstrates that the highway to restoration extends far past the hospital and we should guarantee we’re supporting our sufferers bodily and emotional wants after discharge,” says McCarthy.

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Materials offered by Massachusetts General Hospital. Observe: Content material could also be edited for model and size.

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